Physocarpus capitatus - Pacific ninebark
At a Glance:
- Family: Rosaceae
- Plant Type: deciduous upright/spreading shrub
- Habitat: Riparian zones where a river or stream is nearby for adequate moisture or wetlands. Sunny to part-shade.
- Height: 6-12 feet tall
- Flower color: creamy white with pink stamens in a round floral cluster
- Flowering Season: April-July
- Leaves: lobed, double toothed margin, that are deeply veined, and dark, shiny green on top. They look like a maple or grape leaf. Alternately arranged.
- Generation: Perennial
- Notable feature: Bark is reddish-gray and papery, peeling off in thin layers.
Pacific Ninebark, Physocarpus capitatus, is a lovely lowland Pacific Northwest deciduous shrub that does well in riparian (near rivers/creek) and wetland environments. It is native to the west coast, from Alaska to California, and east into Idaho. In Washington State, it is more common on the west side of the Cascade Mountains, but can be found along the Columbia and Snake Rivers in eastern Washington.
Pacific Ninebark is a logical plant to consider when planning a restoration project. This plant grows well from seed, hardwood cuttings, and live staking. This is a great plant to consider planting along stream banks to prevent erosion and provide stabilization because its fibrous roots hold the soil well.
The shrub form grows many dense stems together making a great place for birds to nest and provide shade and cover for small animals. Some large animals will graze on the foliage, like elk, deer, and bear, but it is less appetizing than other plants. Birds eat the seeds, which persist in the seed heads into winter
This plant is a great plant to add to a restoration site in the earlier stages of succession. It tolerates full sun so no canopy for shade is needed overhead. Waiting too long, or planting late in phase-restoration, might result in too much shade, and the plant might not germinate or do well under a forest canopy of mature coniferous. This plant grows aggressively (American beauties 2014) which is another reason to plant in disturbed, or newly restored habitats. It could have the potential to shade out invasive species like reed canarygrass and Himalayan blackberry.
Native American tribes made children’s hunting bows, needles, and small items from the wood of Pacific ninebark. The straighter shoots were then used to make arrows. The stems of the plant, without the bark, were used as tea or medicine to be used as a laxative or to treat gonorrhea or sores. The bark is poisonous but was used in a tea in small amounts to induce vomiting. The bark was often mixed with cedar bark to make a dark brown dye.
References and Resources:
This article was written by Sarah Verlinde. For questions regarding the UWB/CC Plant Tour, contact Sarah at email@example.com.