01/14/2016 IAS faculty member Shauna Carlisle published an article co-authored with Nursing and Health Studies faculty member Andrea Stone, “Racial bullying and adolescent substance use: An examination of school-attending young adolescents in the United States,” in the Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse. The study explores the relationship between race and racial bullying and youth substance use in school-attending young adolescents in the United States. It finds that racial bully perpetrators were most likely to have used cigarettes, alcohol, and marijuana, followed by youth in the mixed victim/perpetrator group. Differences appear to exist in relation to racial bullying experience and substance across racial/ethnic group among youth in grades 7-10. The study also discusses implications of these findings for prevention and educational professionals.