Conservation & Restoration Science (CRS)

On this Page: Major Description | Requirements | Learning Objectives

The Conservation & Restoration Science Major

The Bachelor of Science in Conservation & Restoration Science (CRS) prepares students to address real world issues. Conservation & Restoration Science students develop the depth of scientific understanding, interdisciplinary perspectives, and creative problem-solving skills needed to design and bring about solutions  to these problems at local, regional, and global scales. Through community-based projects ranging from wetlands restoration and conservation planning to analyses of regional air and water pollution, students gain practical experience and make a positive difference while they are still in school. Past students in conservation and restoration have gone on to graduate school and work in government agencies, consulting firms and nonprofits.

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Conservation & Restoration Science Major Requirements 

Recommended Preparation

Interested in exploring this major, but not ready to commit? Consider taking one of the below courses! Any of these selections will help familiarize you with the academic program and prepare you for advanced coursework in the major.

  • B CHEM 143 General Chemistry I
  • BEARTH 153 Introduction to Geology
  • BEARTH 154 Introduction to Oceanography
  • BEARTH 155 Introduction to Climate Science 
  • BIS 240 Introduction to Sustainable Practices
  • BIS 243 Introduction to Environmental Issues
  • BIS 246 Introduction to Sustainability

Prerequisites

  • Calculus I or a 2-course sequence in Pre-Calculus 
    • Option 1: STMATH 124 Calculus I or B MATH 144 Calculus for the Life and Social Sciences
    • Option 2: B MATH 122 Precalculus I: Algebraic Functions & B MATH 123 Precalculus II: Transcendental Functions
  • B BIO 180 Introductory Biology I or equivalent course
  • B CHEM 143 General Chemistry I & B CHEM 144 General Chemistry Lab I
  • Introductory Environmental Studies Course
    • BIS 240  Introduction to Sustainable Practices
    • BIS 243 Introduction to Environmental Issues
    • Or equivalent course
  • One Introductory Earth Systems Science course (5 credits): 
    • BEARTH 153 Introduction to Geology
    • BEARTH 154 Introduction to Oceanography
    • BEARTH 201 Mapping the Earth System
    • BIS 242 Environmental Geography
    • BIS 243 Introduction to Environmental Issues
    • Or equivalent course
  • The course BIS 215 Understanding Statistics (or equivalent) is strongly recommended before applying to the major. BIS 215 Understanding Statistics (or equivalent) with a min. 2.0 grade will become a major prerequisite beginning Autumn quarter 2021. 

Degree Requirements

Conservation & Restoration Science Core Courses (45 Credits)

  • BIS 300 Interdisciplinary Inquiry - min. 2.0 grade (5 credits)
  • BES 301 Science Methods & Practice (5 credits) or BST 301 Scientific  Writing (5 Credits)
  • One course in Ethical and Philosophical Foundations (BIS 307, BIS 345, BIS 356, BIS 359) (5 credits)
  • BES 312 Ecology or BIS 390 Ecology and the Environment (5 credits)
  • BES 316 Ecological Methods (5 credits)
  • BES 362 Introduction to Restoration Ecology (5 credits)
  • BES 485 Conservation Biology (5 credits)
  • Two courses in Geospatial Analysis (BIS 342 Geographic Information Systems and one of either BIS 344 Intermediate GIS Analysis and Applications, BIS 442 Advanced GIS Analysis and Applications, BES 440 Remote Sensing of the Environment)

The Time Schedule Indicator for this requirement is CRS:CORE

Life and Physical Sciences Electives (20 credits)

Choose elective courses from two areas of study:

  • Natural History and Ecological Science
  • Geospatial, Mathematical, and Earth Science

A minimum of 3 elective courses must be taken at the 400-level. At least two courses must include a substantial fieldwork component (approved courses are designated with an “F” in the list below). Courses used to fulfill CRS core requirements or electives in Policy, Management and Engagement may not also satisfy Life and Physical Science electives.

Natural History and Ecological Science

A minimum 10 credits required from the below options:

  • BBIO 235 Salmon and Society
  • BBIO 330 Marine Biology
  • BBIO 385 Animal Behavior
  • BBIO 471 Plant Ecology
  • BES 331 Estuarine Science and Management
  • BES 486 Watershed Ecology and Management
  • BES 487 Field Lab in Wildland Soils and Plants (F)
  • BES 488 Wetland Ecology (F)
  • BES 489 Pacific Northwest Ecosystems
  • BES 490 PNW Plants in Restoration and Conservation (F)
  • BIS 306 Marine Diversity and Conservation
  • BIS 319 Public Arts and Ecological Restoration
  • BIS 395 Environmental Change in Washington State

The Time Schedule Indicator for this requirement is CRS:NHES

Geospatial, Mathematical, and Earth Science

A minimum 5 credits required from the below options:

  • BCHEM 315 Quantitative Environmental Analysis
  • BES 303 Environmental Monitoring Practicum
  • BEARTH  317 Soils in the Environment (F)
  • BEARTH 318 Hydrogeology
  • BEARTH 321 Geomorphology (F)
  • BEARTH 341 Natural Hazards and Human Disasters
  • BES 439 Computer Modeling and Visualization in Environmental Science
  • BES 440 Remote Sensing of the Environment
  • BES 460 Water Quality (F)
  • BIS 343 Geographic Visualization
  • BIS 344 Intermediate Geographic Analysis & Application
  • BIS 442 Advanced Geographic Analysis and Applications

The Time Schedule Indicator for this requirement is CRS:GMES

Policy, Management and Engagement Electives (5 credits) 

Courses used to fulfill CRS core requirements or electives in Life and Physical Sciences may not also be used to fulfill elective requirements in this area of study.

  • BES 331 Estuarine Science and Management
  • BES 486 Watershed Ecology and Management
  • BIS 346 Topics in Environmental Policy
  • BIS 391 Environmental History of the Pacific Northwest Bioregion
  • BIS 392 Water and Sustainability
  • BIS 405 Environmental Education
  • BIS 458 Energy, the Environment and Society
  • BIS 459 Conservation and Sustainable Development
  • BIS 460 Urban Planning and Geography

The Time Schedule Indicator for this requirement is CRS:PME

Capstone and Portfolio Requirements (15 credits)

  • BIS 499 Portfolio Capstone (5 credits)
  • Capstone Experience (at least 10 credits)
Capstone Experience

Fulfill 10 credits with any combination of the following courses (5 credits should fulfill the IAS IPR requirement).

  • BES 492 Capstone Research in Environmental Science
  • BES 498 Independent Research (and other approved independent research configurations)
  • BISSKL 375 Academic Research and Writing Seminar (2 credits)
  • BES 462 + BES 463 + BES 464 Restoration Ecology Capstone
  • APPROVED studies in these courses:
    • BIS 480 International Study Abroad; BIS 490 Advanced Seminar; BIS 495; BBIO 495, 498, 499; BST 498, 499 (Note: BST and BBIO courses may be petitioned toward the IAS IPR requirement)

Total: 85 Credits

University Requirements

May overlap with the Earth Systems Science major requirements:

  • Writing “W” Min. 10 Credits
  • Diversity “Div” Min. 3 Credits
  • Areas of Knowledge: 15 credits required in each area. Natural World (NW) and Individuals & Societies (I&S) may be completed through major requirements. Please plan to take 15 Credits of  Visual, Literary, and Performing Arts (VLPA) courses.

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CRS Learning Objectives

The Conservation & Restoration Science Program is designed to provide curriculum and co-curricular opportunities that will specifically enable graduates to:

Engage in Conservation and Restoration Science

  • Apply scientific understanding to the concepts of biological diversity, sustainability, ecological integrity and the socio-political systems with which they interact.
  • Recognize the important roles of indigenous knowledge and values in understanding and managing natural systems.
  • Acquire first-hand knowledge of regional ecosystems and the human communities dependent on them to enable meaningful engagement in local conservation and restoration activities.
  • Collect and analyze environmental data to address questions and assess impacts, identify management options, and identify new research directions.
  • Critically evaluate alternative responses to environmental problems, such as habitat change, biodiversity loss, and climate change, and advance solutions that enhance resilience, equity and sustainability.
  • Prepare for careers in conservation and restoration in academic, governmental, non-profit, and private sectors.
  • Learn data collection methods and technologies, such as field ecology methods, geo-technologies such as GIS and remote sensing, and ecosystem modeling for research projects, investigations, and surveys.
  • Understand the philosophical and scientific underpinnings of conservation and restoration science, including its strengths, limitations, and assumptions.

Promote equity and inclusion

  • Critically reflect on the social drivers of environmental problems and environmental inequity.
  • Build environmental consciousness and promote ethical human intervention for environmental and human sustainability.
  • Apply an understanding of ethics, power, and intergenerational equity in conservation and restoration decision-making.

Communicate and collaborate with others

  • Use both written and oral communication to effectively communicate the issues, questions, findings, and body of knowledge of conservation and restoration science to peers and the public, and to produce effective visual representations of data that articulate knowledge of conservation and restoration science.
  • Constructively work with others in partnership and shared leadership to achieve project goals.
  • Interact and communicate with others in disciplines outside of conservation and restoration science and beyond academia to produce new knowledge and understanding needed to address the interdisciplinary and multi-dimensional environmental issues of the future.

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